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Understanding major and minor scales is a fundamental part of creating original music. pl.n. In an ascending scale, each note is higher in pitch than the last one and in a descending scale, each note is lower in pitch than the last one. The main difference, however, is that a scale represents the foundation of a piece of music. Some scales use a different number of pitches. The chromatic scale is a nondiatonic scale that consists of half steps only. Many nondiatonic scales have no identifiable tonic. A common scale in Eastern music is the pentatonic scale, which consists of five notes that span an octave. The scale on which a piece of music is based. Before we figured out the math for dividing the octave into 12 equal tones, we … See Libra. The same is true of minor scales—but with … scales synonyms, scales pronunciation, scales translation, English dictionary definition of scales. How to use scale in a sentence. The key takes its name from the tonic, or first note of this scale. Guitar players use scales to play melodies, riffs, solos, and bass lines. A chord is essentially the harmonization of a scale. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Musical modes are a type of scale with distinct melodic characteristics. The term exotic as it applies to musical scales is a very relative term. For example, in the Chinese culture, the pentatonic scale is usually used for folk music and consists of C, D, E, G and A, commonly known as gong, shang, jue, chi and yu. That's not too much different than the definition of a chord. Define scales. A scale is a collection of pitches that follows a set pattern of ascending or descending intervals. Music scales define which notes are used and how chords are constructed within the key signature. A major scale, for example, may start on any note, as long as the subsequent notes follow the appropriate pattern of whole steps and half steps. The word scale comes from the Latin word meaning ladder. Music has two kinds of steps — half steps and whole steps — which are the building blocks of scales. The “major” part of C major means the third note of the scale is a major third interval above the tonic. Scale definition is - an instrument or machine for weighing. A scale is merely a series of tones that lie between octaves. As you become more familiar with different major and minor scales, you’ll notice that the melodies of popular songs are typically made up of notes in a single scale. Major scale The most common scale in Western music. The stepwise pattern used to create the scale. Major second An interval of two semitones between two different notes. Guitar Scales. Different scales determine whether or not notes will be played flat or sharp. The Degrees of a Scale. In music, a scale is a series of notes played one at a time in ascending and descending fashion. What is a Scale in Music? A series of eight notes with a set pattern of intervals: 2-2-1-2-2-2-1. The 7 modes, Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian and Locrian, come from the earliest forms of western music. Scales that do not follow the interval patterns of the diatonic or pentatonic scales are called nondiatonic scales. Keys and scales. Scale notes make patterns on the fretboard, which guitarists finger and pick position to position. Likewise, most songs use notes within a particular scale — a collection of notes in order from low to high.. Major scales Most music is in a particular key.If we say that a song is "in the key of C," this means that the pitch C sounds like the most stable “home note” (or tonic) for the song.. A scale is a group of notes that are arranged by ascending or descending order of pitch. Some white keys have a black key in between and some white keys are side by side: A scale is a group of musical notes arranged in ascending and descending order. 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