Other ancient writers such as Pliny the Elder , the Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy , and Solinus (3 AD) all seem to mention the Hebrides, attesting to some contact of the peoples there with the Roman world. However, it was quarried to a depth of 76 metres (249 ft) below sea level leaving only the outer rim of the island. The Minch to the north and the Sea of Hebrides to the south divides the Inner and Outer Hebrides Islands. The Clachan Bridge from Argyll to Seil was designed by Thomas Telford and dates from 1792. Best Answer: LONG ISLAND The crossword clue "The Outer Hebrides are also called "the ____”" published 1 time/s and has 1 unique answer/s on our system. Adam is owner of these roughly six hundred acres distributed over three wave and wind ravaged islands in the Minch, that stretch of ocean lying between the Scottish island of Skye and the Outer Hebrides. Stretching 210 kilometres (130 miles) from Lewis in the north to Barra Head in the south, the Outer Hebrides belong to Scotland’s Western Isles (in Gaelic, Eilean Siar) council. There has been considerable depopulation, especially in the Outer Hebrides during the 20th century, because of a lack of economic opportunities.  Belnahua supported a population of slate workers in its substantial and now flooded central quarry during the 19th century. km).Also called Western Isles. The northern Inner Hebrides, including Skye, the Small Isles and the Summer Isles, are part of the Highland unitary council region. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What are the islands of the Maldives made of? Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. [Note 13]. Pop. The Hebrides People Genealogical Database. mi. Such is the enthusiasm for the Shiant Isles exhibited by the wife of Adam Nicolson, author of SEA ROOM. Visiting the Hebrides is about being outdoors. Instrumental in this revival was the evangelist Duncan Campbell. Barra is often referred to as the jewel of the Outer Hebrides and certainly has a delightful blend of rugged hills, rocky coves and flower covered machair. Geographically, the inhabited islands can easily be separated into those that are or surround Islay, Gigha, Mull, and Skye or are in the Small Isles, Slate Islands, Firth of Lorn, Crowlin Islands, Summer Isles, one of the major sea lochs or the North Highland group. Weaving and fishing are concentrated on the rocky infertile eastern coasts of the islands. All inclusive cruises on the unique luxury, small cruise ship Hebridean Princess with cruise destinations to Scotland and Ireland. NEW luxury river cruises on the Rhine and Danube on board Hebridean's Royal Crown. The southern group, including Islay, Jura, the Slate Islands and Gigha are part of the Argyll and Bute council region. A mill was operated on the island until 1948 and abandonment is assumed when it closed and the associated buildings and wharves were dismantled. Records for the last date of settlement for the smaller uninhabited islands are incomplete, but most of the islands listed here would have been inhabited at some point during the Neolithic, Iron Age, Early Historic or Norse periods. , Castle Stalker, Eilean Horrisdale, Eilean Loain and Inch Kenneth are "included in the NRS statistical geography for inhabited islands but had no usual residents at the time of either the 2001 or 2011 censuses".. Orasaigh is from the Norse Örfirirsey meaning "tidal" or "ebb island".. Tony Kinghorn. Many other prominent personalities visited Staffa over the next two centuries, including Felix Mendelssohn, whose Hebrides Overture brought further fame to the island.  Skye has been connected to Kyle of Lochalsh by the Skye Bridge since 1995. It may have been called, This island is in the Sound of Kerrera at, Encyclopædia Britannica (1978) states: "Hebrides – group of islands of the west coast of Scotland extending in an arc between 55.35 and 58.30 N and 5.26 and 8.40 W." This includes, General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003), Haswell-Smith (2004) pp. Our culture has been influenced by successive arrivals of Celtic-, Norse- and English-speaking peoples, with… Sgeir is "skerry" and often refers to a rock or rocks that lie submerged at high tide. The main islands of the Inner Hebrides are Skye, the Small Isles (Canna, Sanday, Rhum, Eigg, and Muck), Tiree, Mull, Colonsay, Jura, Islay, and Coll. He rowed out to the rock one night at low tide and left his wife stranded on the rock to die. The cessation of local wars and the increased cultivation of the potato as a food crop were instrumental in the subsequent population increase, which soon reached the limit of the subsistence economy. In common with the other main island chains of Scotland many of the more remote islands were abandoned during the 19th and 20th centuries, in some cases after continuous habitation since prehistoric times. Eilean (plural: eileanan) also means "island". this is not clear from this definition. The manufacture of tweed in the Hebrides is historically of ancient origin. Sort out the facts as you journey through Europe. The Hebrides were settled during the Mesolithic era around 6500 BC or earlier, after the climatic conditions improved enough to sustain human settlement. Off the west coast of Scotland is a small group of islands called the Hebrides. The Outer Hebrides is a crescent-shaped archipelago of 200 islands which lies around 65 kilometres (40 miles) off the northwestern coast of mainland Scotland. See for example Hunter (2000) pp. Islay is the southern-most island of the Inner Hebrides and is often referred to as Queen of the Hebrides. The Hebrides: Scotland's magical western islands. In 1886 an act of Parliament gave the crofters (tenant farmers) security and heritability of tenure. The archaeological record for the period of Viking domination during the Early Historic period is, however, limited. The suffix ay or aigh or aidh is generally from the Norse øy meaning "island". In this post, I will focus on the southern islands in the Inner Hebrides. Haswell-Smith (2004) uses "an Island is a piece of land or group of pieces of land which is entirely surrounded by water at Lowest Astronomical Tide and to which there is no permanent means of dry access". The Outer Herbrides are a number of many smaller islands that are situated in relatively close proximity to each other. Beag and mòr (also bheag and mhòr) mean "little" and "big" and are often found together. The archipelago is exposed to wind and tide. Luxury cruises by Hebridean Island Cruises. Today, before in-home weaving takes place, the washing and dyeing of sheared wool as well as its blending and carding into embryonic yarn, along with the spinning and warping processes, occur in factories, to which the woven tweed returns for finishing and stamping.  This was eventually swept away by the sea and little visible sign of the island now remains. For example, Haswell-Smith (2004) treats Lunga[Note 4] as a single island, although during high tides it becomes one inhabited island and numerous uninhabited tidal islets. The main islands of the Inner Hebrides are Skye, the Small Isles (Canna, Sanday, Rhum, Eigg, and Muck), Tiree, Mull, Colonsay, Jura, Islay, and Coll. The largest of these mini-archipelagos are: The Outer Hebrides is home to more than 7,500 fresh water lochs, which is almost a quarter of all the lochs in Scotland 5. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! However, although the Outer Hebrides have retained many Gaelic speakers, in the 2001 census only Skye (31%) and Tiree (48%) had more than 25% of the resident population able to speak Gaelic; Mull, Jura, Gigha and Coll each recorded figures of less than 15%. The Census indicates a population of 3 in 1931 and nil in 1961. Vatersay is the full stop at the south of the chain and is a beautiful little island dominated by machair and wonderful shell sand beaches. For example the General Register Office for Scotland define an island as "a mass of land surrounded by water, separate from the Scottish mainland" but although they include islands linked by bridges etc. Outer Hebrides The Outer Hebrides is the geographical name of the westernmost chain of islands in the Hebrides, west of the Scottish Highlands.They're sparsely populated with poor soil and few resources; historically they were separate local government areas, which hindered their development and culture. The definition of an island used in this list is that it is "land that is surrounded by seawater on a daily basis, but not necessarily at all stages of the tide, excluding human devices such as bridges and causeways". Other definitions are used in the Scottish context. Cattle raising and dairying are also practiced. A chain of over 100 islands and skerries, including 15 inhabited ones, comprises the Outer Hebrides. In the Outer Hebrides all of the inhabited islands are now connected to at least one other island by a land transport route, but only four Inner Hebridean islands are connected by road, all to the mainland. 30, 79, 130, 148 and 182 except estimates from. South Uist. New Hebrides, officially the New Hebrides Condominium and named for the Hebrides Scottish archipelago, was the colonial name for the island group in the South Pacific Ocean that is now Vanuatu. Indicates the last known date of permanent, year round settlement. Haswell-Smith (2004) and Ordnance Survey maps for islands <40 ha (100 acres) unless otherwise stated. Later fair rents were established by a Crofters Commission. Hebrides definition: 1. two groups of islands, called the Inner Hebrides and the Outer Hebrides, to the west of…. There are various small island groups within the Inner Hebrides that are included above. Pomponius Mela, a Roman-Spanish writer of the first century, refers to a group of seven islands to which he gave the name Haemodae (Hebrides???). We are adding records parish by parish over the coming months. There are 43 uninhabited Inner Hebrides with an area greater than 30 hectares (approximately 74 acres). The work was completed on 16 December 1830 and was originally entitled Die einsame Insel (The Lonely Island). In the 19th and 20th centuries the United Kingdom assumed a greater role in the islands’ administration. On the outer edge of Europe, in the far north west of Scotland, are the Western Isles or Outer Hebrides, they form their own council area. There are no historical records of inhabitation although there are the ruins of an "ancient fort". Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Hebrides are named for the Norse word Harbredey which, when roughly translated, means the "isles at the edge of the sea". 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